Do you know the origin of the columns in your spaces? All these trails back from the structures in Egypt, where most stone buildings included a lot of columns, supporting beams that carried the weight of flat roofs.
Ancient Egypt as an Empire lasted over a 3 stage period:
- Old Egypt.
- Middle Egypt
- New Egypt
Ancient Egypt had detailed decorative aspects to interior spaces, notably in the Royal palaces, The Pyramids and Mastabas, and the Temples. The style was conservative. The same conservatism is noted in Ancient Egyptian painting and Sculpture.
Egypt was and still is a desert, thus the climate has always been stable, with little variation in the weather patterns. This has a lot of impact on how their Architecture was done in the Ancient Empire.
The visual Art of Ancient Egypt had a generic representation of Human figures, much like the case with other Ancient Civilisations. The implication here is that, proportion and accurate representation was often not observed.
In the above diagram, it is noticeable that the lion, left foreground is disproportionately small compared with the man and woman in this Ancient Egyptian painting.
Ancient Egyptian Architecture and Sculpture, is characterised by rigidity and sheer mass. The material of choice being stone. The base length of the great pyramid of Giza is 230 metres and its volume is 2.58 million cubic metres.
The diagram below illustrates the dimensions of the great Pyramid of Egypt in metres.
The famous Pyramids of Giza, have the largest Pyramid peaking at 137 metres or 449feet which is approximately 45 storeys high. Below is a height comparison of the Pyramid and modern buildings.
The citizenry of Ancient Egypt, built their houses from clay bricks. Monumental buildings, such as palaces, temples and Tombs [ Pyramids and Mastabas ] were built in stone. The stone buildings included a lot of columns, supporting beams, which carried the weight of flat roofs.
Egyptian column capitals developed in a variety of column capitals, mostly Floral designs notably of Lotus and Papyrus plants. The latter Civilisation of Greece, adopted Column use with Floral capitals from Ancient Egypt. Credit: Karl Richard Lepsius
Ancient Egypt, during the Middle and New Kingdom periods had great palaces constructed, in a similar style as their temples. These buildings were spacious and allowed for the use of Columns. These columns also had relief sculptures, murals and heiroglyphs as well as traditional Egyptian Iconography. The murals often depicted scenery in rows, and spoke of both human activity, such as harvesting of grain and, on the other spectrum, activity by the numerous Egyptian Deities. Illuminated manuscripts, also furnished Interiors and were done in similar style to Egyptian Murals.
Below is a picture from the inside of a Pyramid, illustrating 3 Egyptian Deities.
The image below shows the interior of a Temple and the one below it, is a model of the entire temple and courtyard.
Egyptian Architecture is the basis of inspiration and influence of Greek and Roman Architecture.
Main reference: www.essentialhumanities.com